Exploration is an activity to find out the state of a region, space or an area previously unknown to exist. The term geological exploration is utilise to find out the existence of a geological object. The object which is generally in the form of mineral deposits, the one mining company look for. The geological object limitation is not to mineral deposits, coal or oil and gas accumulation. The object can also geological phenomena that are beneficial to human welfare as well as having negative impacts. For example such as cesarean, certain types of rocks of existence need to be understand in detail for the placement of a construction building such as a dam, tunnels and so on.
Concept of exploration
The concept of exploration: If someone is looking for something inevitably or unconsciously must have a shadow first. The shadow of what to look for, where he will look for it and how and use what tool he will look for it. According to Thomas Kuhn, 1962 in his book “The Structure of Scientific Revolution” says that if a person will look for something consciously or not he must already have a model of the object he was looking for.
Thus to explore, explorationist must already have an imagination of what it will look for. Together with the imagination of which area will be looking for. Should also think what method and system effective to use. In other words an explorasionist must have a concept. Then the concept of exploration is composed of the model of the sought, the model of the area sought and based on this model he will use the system of livelihood.
The exploration method is a way that physically determines directly or indirectly the existence of a geological phenomenon. The phenomenon may be the body of a mineral deposit or one or more geological directives. The exploration method developed rapidly with the emergence of new technologies in the field of exploration methods such as in geophysical, geochemical or computerized methods.
The method that directly produces these geological phenomena can be observed with the geologist’s eye called the geological method.
The indirect method produces an anomaly that can be interpret as a traceable geological phenomenon, for example, geophysical or geochemical methods.
The purpose of exploration is to find and receive the maximum amount of new economical mineral deposits at a minimal cost in minimum possible time. To achieve this goal is influence by various things:
- Exploration approach
- The essence of exploration
- Feasibility of exploration